Tomorrow, March 15, the National Capital Region (essentially Metro Manila) is set to go on a community quarantine with provisions similar to a lockdown.
The move is part of a greater strategy to control and prevent the spread of COVID-19, now declared to be a worldwide pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO). It will greatly limit the movement of persons (but not goods) between the provinces and Metro Manila which is comprised of the Manila, Quezon City, Caloocan, Las Pinas, Makati, Malabon, Mandaluyong, Marikina, Muntinlupa, Navotas, Paranaque, Pasay, Pasig, Taguig, San Juan, Valenzuela and the Municipality of Pateros.
This covers domestic air travel through a widespread cancellation of flights, limiting domestic sea travel, as well as restrictions to land transport to and from the NCR.
But the burning question remains: where will the checkpoints be?
According to reports, the Philippine National Police's National Capital Region Police Office (NCRPO) has apparently already identified the primary checkpoints that will be manned by a combination of PNP officers, Philippine Coast Guard, as well as Armed Forces of the Philippines personnel.
The roads with checkpoints, according to various reports, are as follows:
As we had expected, the expressway network serving Metro Manila as well as the Greater Metro Manila Area/Mega Manila (which typically includes some areas of Rizal, Laguna, Cavite, Bulacan, etc.) will be one of the focal points of the quarantine. This move was confirmed earlier today when the management of the South Luzon Expressway network (San Miguel Corporation) released an email announcing that they will have checkpoints that will be manned by the PNP and the military.
E1 Quezon City to Rosario, La Union
E2 Makati to Batangas City and Muntinlupa to Bacoor
E3 Parañaque to Kawit
E5 Quezon City to Caloocan
E6 Parañaque to Pasay
The information referred to the expressways by their route numbers, which is as follows:
E1 refers to the northern tollways which include TPLEX, NLEX, and SCTEX.
E2 refers to the southern tollways which include the Skyway, SLEX, STAR Tollway, and MCX.
E3 refers to the bayside routes which include CAVITEX and Coastal Road.
E4 wasn't mentioned, but it refers to the SCTEX and Subic-Tipo Expressway.
E5 refers to the NLEX Harbor Link, NLEX Karuhatan Link, and the NLEX Mindanao Avenue Link.
E6 refers to the NAIA Expressway.
Radial roads (R roads), as the name implies, are the roads that radiate outward from Manila. The reference point for the Radial Roads is Kilometer Zero, which is in the Luneta Park area. Some of the expressways are also have a secondary designation as a Radial Road by their orientation.
Radial Road 1: Roxas Boulevard, CAVITEX; City of Manila–Cavite
Radial Road 2: Taft Avenue in Manila, Aguinaldo Highway in Dasmariñas; City of Manila–Batangas
Radial Road 3: SLEX in Muntinlupa, STAR Tollway, Tanauan City, Batangas; City of Manila–Batangas
Radial Road 4: Kalayaan Avenue in Olympia, Makati, Kalayaan Avenue in Fort Bonifacio, Makati; City of Manila–Rizal
Radial Road 5: Shaw Boulevard, Ortigas Avenue Extension in Cainta; City of Manila–Laguna
Radial Road 6: Magsaysay Boulevard, Marikina–Infanta Highway in Marikina; City of Manila–Quezon
Radial Road 7: España Boulevard, Commonwealth Avenue, City of Manila–Bulacan
Radial Road 8: Dimasalang Street, North Luzon Expressway in Balintawak, Quezon City; City of Manila–La Union
Radial Road 9: Rizal Avenue, MacArthur Highway in Pampanga; City of Manila–La Union
Radial Road 10: Mel Lopez Boulevard; City of Manila–Bataan
The Circumferential Roads (C roads, or beltways) will be monitored by the PNP and other authorities. These are the routes that go around Metro Manila in a somewhat circular manner and have different names depending on the location. It is possible that the north and south ends of these beltways (or the segments closest to NCR borders) could have checkpoints.
Circumferential Road 1: City of Manila - includes Recto Avenue, Legarda Street, P. Casal Street, Ayala Boulevard., Finance Road, Padre Burgos Avenue
Circumferential Road 2: City of Manila – includes Capulong Street, Tayuman Street, Lacson Street, Quirino Avenue
Circumferential Road 3: Makati-Navotas–Pasay – includes C-3, 5th Avenue, Sgt. Rivera Avenue, G. Araneta Avenue, South Avenue, Ayala Avenue, Gil Puyat Avenue/Buendia and the extension
Circumferential Road 4: Malabon–Pasay – Epifanio delos Santos Avenue (EDSA, including extension), Letre Road, Samson Road/Monumento Avenue
Circumferential Road 5: Taguig-Malabon-Parañaque – includes NLEX Karuhatan, NLEX Mindanao Avenue Connector, Mindanao Avenue, Congressional Avenue, Luzon Avenue, Tandang Sora, Katipunan Avenue, Bonny Serrano Avenue, E. Rodriguez Jr. Avenue, C.P. Garcia Avenue
Circumferential Road 6: Marilao, Bulacan-Bacoor, Cavite – includes Parang Road, Batasan Road, Timberland Avenue, C-6, Laguna Lake Highway, General Santos Avenue
The list is still preliminary, and could be subject to changes by the authorities. There was no mention of smaller inroads that cross provincial borders and enter Metro Manila, but there are rumors that many of these smaller roads could be fully blocked off in order to reroute motorists to areas that can be better manned and monitored with checkpoints.
What we know for sure is that checkpoints will have law enforcement and military personnel donning safety gear (masks, possibly suits etc.), and will have infrared sensors to detect feverish symptoms. People (motorists and passengers) will be allowed to enter Metro Manila provided they show proof (i.e. a company ID) that shows they work in the NCR.
With regards to public transport, movement within Metro Manila will not be restricted but "social distancing" will be the norm. Public transport into Metro Manila from the provinces or the outlying areas will be a bit more challenging; some bus companies will reportedly cease routes to and from the NCR.
UPDATE: The NCRPO has released the full list of all the checkpoints for the month-long community quarantine of the National Capital Region. It is divided by police district and by city:
NORTHERN POLICE DISTRICT
1. CALOOCAN CITY
-Quirino Highway cor. Malaria Rd (Boundary of Caloocan and Bulacan)
-Phase 7C Dela Costa Homes (Boundary of Caloocan and Bulacan)
-Phase 9 Boundary of Evergreen Vill. Brgy Gaya-Gaya (Boundary of Caloocan and SJ Bulacan)
-Phase 10 Caloocan and Bulacan Bridge
-Bankers Vill. Gate 3 (Boundary of Caloocan and Meycauayan)
-Sierra Nova Subd 1 (Boundary of Caloocan and Meycauayan)
-Sierra Nova Subd 2 (Boundary of Caloocan and Meycauayan)
-Sierra Nova Subd 3 (Boundary of Caloocan and Meycauayan)
-Gubat Sa Siudad (Boundary of Caloocan and Meycauayan)
-Shelterville Brgy 171 (Boundary of Caloocan and Meycauayan)
2. MALABON CITY
- Don Asilio Blvd Brgy. Dampalit Malabon
- Panghulo Road Malabon
3. VALENZUELA CITY
-MacArthur Highway Malanday (Boundary of Valenzuela and Meycauyan)
-Punturin Boundary of Libtong Meycauyan (Primary)
-NLEX Harborlink Mindanao Ave MM Exit
-Lawang Bato Emergency Exit to NLEX
-Viente Reales Skyline Exit 10 Meycauyan, Bulacan
-Viente Reales Tugatog Exit to Meycauyan, Bulacan
-Lingunan Ciudad Grande Exit to Meycauyan
-NLEX Linguhan Exit Going to Valenzuela
-Lawang Bato Nlex
-Overpass Near Memorial Gardens
-NLEX Paso De Blas Entrance
-Wawang Pulo Boundary of Obando Bulacan
SOUTHERN POLICE DISTRICT
-Tunasan-San Pedro Boundary, Brgy. Tunasan, Muntinlupa City
-Tunasan-Cuyab Boundary, Arandia St., Brgy Tunasan, Muntinlupa City
-In front of Parce Bello, Victoria Homes, Brgy Tunasan, Muntinlupa City
-Biazon Road Corner MCX Road, Brgy Poblacion, Muntinlupa City
-SLEX Tollgate Exit (Westbound), East Service Road, Brgy. Alabang Viaduct, Muntinlupa City.
-Sucat-Taguig Boundary, Dr. A Bunyi St, Brgy. Sucat, Major J Posadas Ave., corner West Service Road, Brgy. Sucat, Muntinlupa City
-In front of Total Gas Station, Don Jesus Blvrd, corner West Service Road, Brgy., Cupang, Muntinlupa City
-Muntinlupa-Las Piñas Boundary, Alabang-Zapote Road, Brgy. Cupang, Muntinlupa City
-In front of Police Outpost, along Investment, Drive corner Commerce Ave., Brgy., Ayala Alabang, Muntinlupa City
5. LAS PINAS
-Along C5 Road Extension, Manuyo Uno, Las Piñas City
(Las Piñas City and Parañaque Boundary)
-Along Padre Diego Cera, Ave. Manuyo Uno, Las Piñas City
-Zapote Viaduct, Brgy.Zapote Las Piñas City
-Along Canaycay Ave. Manuyo Dos, Las Piñas City
-Riverdrive, BFRV Brgy. Talon Dos, Las Piñas City
-Marcos Alvarez Ave., Talon Singko, Las Piñas City
-Roxas Blvd corner MIA Road
-Macapagal Blvd. corner Pacific Ave.
-Roxas Blvrd near footbridge Brgy. Baclaran
-Airport Road infront of UCPB Brgy. Baclaran
-Bradco Ave. Corner, Diokno Ave., Brgy. Tambo
-NAIA Ave., Near Pascor Drive Brgy., Sto. Niño
-Pacific Ave., Corner, Macapagal Blvrd, Brgy Don Galo
-C5 Road Corner Kaingin Road
-Quirino Ave., Corner Victor Medina, Brgy.San Dionisio
-C5 Road Boundary of Las Piñas and Parañaque
-Canaycay Ave., in front of Caltex Brgy. San Dionisio
-Doña Soledad Ave., Near Skyway Entrance/Exit
-West Service Road, Corner Marcelo Ave., Marcelo Green
-West Service Road in front of Robinson, Brgy. Merville
-PNR Bicutan Interchange
EASTERN POLICE DISTRICT
7. MARIKINA CITY
-Makabayan St. corner JP Rizal Brgy Nangka
-Pambili St., Cor Marcos Highway (U-Turn) Brgy. San Roque
-Armscor Ave. Cor Sampaguita St. Fortune (To San Mateo)
-Delos Santos Ave. Monterey Hills, Fortune (To San Mateo)
-Lilac St., Cor. Olive St., Concepcion Dos (To Antipolo)
-Olive Ext. Footbridge, Concepcion Dos (To Antipolo)
-Sumulong Highway corner Katipunan Access Road, Sto. Niño (To Antipolo)
-Marcos Highway in front of Buenaviahe Bldg. Brgy. San Roque
-San Miguel PH 3 Brgy. Fortune
-Champaca St., Cor Ponteverde Drive Brgy. Concepcion Dos
-Panorama St., Cor Waco St., Brgy. Concepcion Dos
-Panorama St., Cor Ignatius St., Brgy. Concepcion Dos
-Katipunan St., Cor Tangerin St., Concepcion Dos
- Chestnut St., Cor Gospel St., Brgy San Roque
- East Bank Road, Brgy. Sta Lucia (To Taytay)
- Ortigas Ave. Ext., Brgy Sta. Lucia (To Antipolo/Taytay)
8. PASIG CITY
-Kaginhawaan St., Cor. Lexi Ave., Maggahan
-Green Park Gate Felix Ave Dela Paz
-Greenwood Ave., Pinagbuhatan
-R. Thadeus St., MRV, Sta Lucia
-West Bank Road, Brgy Maybunga (To Taytay)
-A. Sandoval Corner Eusebio Ave., Brgy. Pinagbuhatan (To Taytay)
-Eusebio Ave corner C6 Road Brgy Pinagbuhatan (To Taytay)
-Tramo Road., Sta Luciao Road., Sta Lucia,