What counts as an illegal overtake?
Overtaking is a straightforward maneuver for the most part. All you have to do is get out of your lane, accelerate, and pass. However, there are several places where you shouldn't do it. Some of them are obvious such as the shoulder of a highway or double yellow lanes, but there are a few zones you might not know about.
Without further ado, here are places where you can't overtake. These no passing areas are according to the Land Transportation Office (LTO) and the Metro Manila Development Authority (MMDA).
Per the two agencies, you may not overtake at intersections, railway crossings, and construction zones. It's easy to understand why the law prohibits passing on railroad crossings and men at work areas, but what do they mean by no overtaking at intersections? What they mean here is using the opposite lanes of traffic to pass while going through an intersection. Not only is it dangerous, but it's also an illegal counterflow. You also cannot pass on the right-hand side of the vehicle you are overtaking. Of course, there are exceptions to that rule. You can pass the vehicle in front should it have stalled, if the car ahead is driven in a way that will impede traffic, or if you are instructed by a traffic aide to do so.
Another thing you have to remember is overtaking on curves. Per the LTO, you may not overtake if visibility is obstructed within 500 feet. Admittedly, that is a little difficult to enforce but, just to be safe, don't dive on the inside of the car ahead and lay off the accelerator when approaching a corner. Overtaking on crests is a no-no, too. If you're wondering about the fines, it's all PHP 150 for every offense.
There are other illegal overtaking maneuvers you need to know about. The LTO and MMDA made it clear that increasing your speed while being overtaken is not allowed. You are also required by law to yield to an overtaking vehicle. After all, you are on a public road and not a racetrack.
Last but not least, it is illegal to cut off a vehicle you just overtook. If you can't see the reason behind that rule, perhaps it's time to read the driver's handbook. Like the offenses mentioned prior, these prohibited maneuvers carry a PHP 150 fine for every occurrence.