Vehicular accidents are unpredictable and it could happen at any time, regardless of whether you're simply driving alone or you're with the entire family.

That is why Toyota Motor Corporation (TMC) has never stopped preparing for the worst-case scenario and in the latest development has expanded their study of the effect of a vehicular crash to include children.

TMC has recently added three new models that represent children ages ten, six and three to Version 4 of its Total Human Model for Safety (THUMS) virtual crash dummy software.

This allows the automaker to see the type of injuries sustained by children during vehicle crashes that are simulated in a computer.

THUMS Version 4 models

The addition of 10, 6 and 3-year old child models to the software expands the lineup to a total of to six, which already includes large male, average-build adult male and a small female. All models come in passenger and pedestrian version in order for the automaker to thoroughly assess the injury while taking into consideration age and physique.

Child-spec models were created in collaboration with between Wayne State University, the University of Michigan, and the Collaborative Safety Research Center located in the Toyota Technical Center in Ann Arbor, Michigan.

TMC's goal is to improve safety technologies based on the research and information gathered using the THUMS software and the various models it offers.