The time of year has come when the bikinis and board shorts are put back in storage and out come the umbrellas and jackets. Yes, the rain and storm season is here again and with it, floods.
Rising water is an ever present problem in a country that lies directly in the line of storms from the Pacific, and being in a highly urbanized and extremely congested area like Manila doesn't exactly help either. Sewers and drainage pipes easily get clogged so flooding in the 16 cities and 1 municipality that make up Metro Manila is quite common.
Given that reality of urban motoring, we will all at some point have to find a way to ford through flood waters to get to where ever it is we are going. To better help us along, here is a short and simplified guide on to how drive through a flooded area if there is no other way but through.
1. The importance of maintenance
Let us make this clear: do not even think of attempting a tricky flood crossing if your vehicle is not in good working order. This doesn't mean that so long as it works and starts, it's okay. Crossing a flood is very tough on a vehicle's powertrain and particularly risky towards electrical systems for the obvious reasons. If your vehicle has a history of stalling or worn out components like a clutch (i.e. sliding), don't try crossing water.
2. Know your vehicle
There are two numbers you should know about your own vehicle: ground clearance and wading depth. The ground clearance is typically defined as the distance between lowest point on the underside of the vehicle to the road while wading (or fording) depth is the deepest water level that a vehicle can take on. Both of these numbers are sometimes printed by manufacturers on the brochure, so take note of them. Typically they're indicated in millimeters, so convert them to inches if that's easier for you.
A flood that is just as deep or shallower than the ground clearance poses no problem, even for the average family sedan, but it's when the water level approaches the maximum wading depth that it becomes tricky and risky. The general rule is to know at what height vulnerable vehicle systems are like electronics (i.e. ECU, distributor), the intake tube or air filter is, as just below them would be the maximum wading depth. Every engine is different, but should it suck in water through the filter it's game over. That engine is now dead because unlike air, water does not compress.
3. Gather intel on the water and the road underneath
Floods are, quite simply, obstacles to be dealt with and any strategy to get past it will depend on how much you know about them. First, you need to observe if other vehicles are actually going through; if a regular sedan is going through, it shouldn't be a problem for most cars. But if you see SUVs and trucks parked on the side trying to wait it out, it might be best to park there as well.
Nevertheless, if you do need to wade through, you need to know how deep the water is. Use the objects around that you can or can't see to give you an idea of the depth. If you can't see the curb or sidewalk anymore, the water is at least 6 inches deep. If you can't see a fire hydrant, then it's too deep for most vehicles. Also keep an eye out if the water has a current; if it does, donot underestimate it. Don't be shy to ask the locals about how deep it is but, at the end of the day, it's your judgment that counts.
As a general guide: 6-8 inches of water is passable for most sedans, 8-16 inches is doable for typical crossovers while 16-30 inches is more in the realm of larger, taller SUVs and pick-ups.
If you're familiar with the road, take note of features on it that you can use to increase your chances of getting through like putting your car up on the sidewalks (if unoccupied, of course) and perhaps even a crown on the centerline of the road to give an extra inch or two of height. Also take note if there is a water current and judge whether it is safe enough for you to pass. This information will allow you to think of the safest way through.
When you do decide that it is safe enough to risk driving through a flood, there are some important but simple techniques to keep in mind.
Flood Driving 101
First, you should time your crossing to when there is no oncoming traffic, as they could generate a wave that would be dangerous for oncoming cars. You also have to pick a gear that will prevent you from stalling mid way through the flood; generally it's second gear whether you're driving an automatic or a manual.
When you do take the plunge into the water, do it slow and steady all throughout with your foot applying constant pressure on the accelerator to maintain a certain speed; usually around 5-10 km/h.
If the water is deep enough, your vehicle's bumper will create a wave; you must follow the bow wave. Never overtake that wave or let it go over the hood, as right behind it will be the ideal place for your engine as the water is shallower (the trough) much like on an actual wave on the beach.
Whatever you do, do not stop until you're clear of the flood. Chances are water will slosh around the underside of your vehicle; it's a disconcerting sensation, so it's vital that you do not panic and lift off the throttle.
When you do clear the flood and get back on un-flooded ground, do not get on the gas and speed off right away. Go down and check your vehicle and engine bay afterwards for any potential damage or debris that could have been trapped inside. Also this will be the time for you to dry off the brakes, as flood water will act as a natural lubricant for one of a vehicle's most important systems. Do not forget to take your vehicle for a check-up and service after making a successful crossing.
The important thing is to inform yourself and to not depend on some bystander in the area saying "kaya naman yan, boss!" because ultimately, when it comes time for repairs or insurance claims, he won't be footing the bill.
Keep in mind that there are no guarantees when crossing floods; success depends on how well you -the driver- judged the obstacle ahead and your car's capabilities. Crossing deep water isn't an exact science as there are too many factors to consider, so this quick guide is all about reducing the risk of getting stuck and maximizing chances of getting through... and getting home.