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Author Topic: BIODIESEL PRIMER  (Read 2741 times)

Offline rookie

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BIODIESEL PRIMER
« on: January 29, 2003, 12:20:43 PM »
Got the following Biodiesel Primer from the PCA.

For questions please email [email protected]

MAP Agribusiness & Countryside Development Foundation, Inc. ( a member of the National Clean Diesel Task Force)

Address: Unit 1216 Cityland 10 Tower II, H.V., dela Costa corner Valero Streets, Salcedo Village, Makati City

Fax: 8933893

Linkback: https://www.autoindustriya.com/talkboard/off-roading/2/biodiesel-primer/4739/

Offline rookie

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Re:BIODIESEL PRIMER
« Reply #1 on: January 29, 2003, 12:23:28 PM »
WHAT IS BIODIESEL?
Biodiesel is a cleaner, renewable, natural hydrocarbon
fuel produced from the reaction of vegetable oils or
animal fats with a small amount of methanol and a catalyst
such as caustic soda. In contrast, petroleum diesel is
produced in a refinery from exhaustable, crude mineral
oil fossil fuel. Biodiesel has been registered with the
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency as well as in Europe
and other countries, as pure fuel or as a fuel additive.
It is legal fuel for commercial use.


WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF USING BIODIESEL?

(ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS)
Biodiesel contains no sulfur or aromatics and when used
in a conventional diesel engine results in substantial
reduction in ozone-forming hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide,
hazardous diesel particulate matters, acid rain causing
sulfur dioxide. It also results in a very high reduction
in lifecycle carbon dioxide emissions. When used in diesel
engines, biodiesel replaces the exhaust odor of petroleum
diesel with the pleasant smell of popcorn or french fries.
It has a very high flashpoint, 125 C vs. 55 C for
petroleum diesel, making it one of the safest of all
alternative fuels. During its production, it can boast of
zero total emission.

(TECHNICAL BENEFITS)
Biodiesel is the only alternative fuel that can be used
directly in any existing unmodified diesel engine.
Biodiesel contains 11% oxygen by weight and contains
no sulfur. The use of biodiesel actually extends the life
of diesel engines because of superior lubricating and
cleaning properties. Fuel consumption, vehicle ignition,
power output, and engine torque are relatively unaffected
by biodiesel. It can be used alone or in any ratio with
petroleum diesel fuel. Biodiesel is a proven fuel with
over 30 million successful U.S. road miles and over
20 years of use in Europe.

(ENERGY SECURITY BENEFITS)
The Philippines imports crude oil and other petroleum
products from countries subject to political and security
concerns. A domestic source of an alternative to petroleum
diesel fuel will be a very significant, among others,
in providing energy security for the country.

(ECONOMIC BENEFITS)
Utilization of biodiesel derived from coconut oil will
result in a very large domestic use of coconut oil. The
sale of coconut oil will no longer be entirely dependent
on the international market. Hence, it will be possible
to stabilize the domestic price of copra and encourage the
coconut farmers to increase their production without the
fear of creating an oversupply situation in the world market.
Moreover, production of biodiesel has a positive energy
balance. For every unit of energy needed to produce biodiesel,
more than 3 units of energy are gained.

   

Offline rookie

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Re:BIODIESEL PRIMER
« Reply #2 on: January 29, 2003, 12:24:51 PM »
WHAT IS THE BIODIESEL DERIVED FORM COCONUT OIL?
It is called Coconut Methy Ester (CME) which has a
carbon chain of C8 to C18 similar to the carbon chain
of petroleum kerosene and diesel. CME has, in addition
to the various general advantages of biodiesel, the
unique characteristic of high lubricity and solvency
(self-cleaning property). It makes the diesel engine
more efficient. The tiny fuel pump, the fuel line, and
the fuel injector get lubricated by the fuel itself and
all dirt, grime, gum and carbon deposits in the fuel
system are dissolved.


IS THERE A RISK OF ENGINE DAMAGE WHEN USING BIODIESEL?
In the U.S., biodiesel is used in blends of 5% to 20%.
In France, diesel fuel must contain 5% biodiesel by law.
In fact, the Worldwide Fuel Charter issued by all engine
manufacturers in the U.S., Europe, and Japan allows the
use of 5% blend of biodiesel in petroleum diesel without
voiding the engine warranty. Local laboratory tests by
the Department of Energy showed that at 1%, 2%, and 5%
blend of CME in petroleum diesel the resulting blends
are still in conformity with the Philippine National
Standards for diesel fuel. Therefore, there is really
no risk of engine damage in using biodiesel or biodiesel
blends.


ARE THERE ALREADY QUALITY STANDARDS FOR BIODIESEL?
There is already a draft of the proposed Philippine National
Standard for Biodiesel which will soon be finalized.
In the U.S., there is already an ASTM D6751 standard
and in Europe, there is DIN 51606 and EN 14214 standards.


WILL THERE BE AN INCREASE IN DIESEL FUEL PRICE AS A RESULT
OF USING BIODIESEL BLENDS?
Reducing air pollution, particulary in the metropolitan
areas, will necessarily entail costs. This can be done by
either using cleaner fuel or improving engines or both.
Current petroleum diesel produced and sold by oil companies
has a relatively high boiling point at 388 C (industrial
diesel fuel), as compared to the 343 C (automotive diesel
fuel) produced prior to the oil crises in the 70s. The
oil companies can either adjust the oil refinery settings
or use additives like CME, both of which will of course,
incur additional costs. Initial studies indicate that the
use of CME will be more cost effective, will actually make
the diesel engine more efficient, will additionally
benefit the coconut industry, and will also help in the
country's effort to attain fuel security.

Offline rookie

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Re:BIODIESEL PRIMER
« Reply #3 on: January 29, 2003, 12:26:14 PM »
WHERE CAN I BUY BIODIESEL BLENDED FUEL?
Biodiesel blended fuel is not yet available in gasoline
stations pending agreement with the oil companies.
It is expected however, that the oil companies will
eventually blend CME with petroleum diesel. Some amount
of biodiesel blended fuel is available at the PCA
office in Quezon City primarily for the use of PCA and
DA vehicles.


WHAT IS BEING DONE BY THE GOVERNMENT IN PROMOTING
THE PRODUCTION AND USE OF BIODIESEL?

A National Clean Diesel Task Force (NCDTF) had been formed
under the leadership of the Presidential Adviser for
Agricultural Modernization. It is composed of the
Administrator of the Philippine Coconut Authority,
representatives from DOE, DOF, DOT, DOST, DENR, DOH,
DOTS/LTO and MMDA and representatives from the private
sectors coming from the Philippine Chamber of Commerce
and Industry, Management Association of the Philippines,
ABCD Foundation, Corlink Inc., Senbel Fine Chemicals Inc.,
RL Chemicals Inc., Pilipinas KAO Inc., Pres. Diosdado
Macapagal Professorial Chair on Governance and Development,
Technological University of the Philippines, UP Engineering,
Mapua Institute of Technology, and Office of the Vice-President.
NCDTF initial tasks are to carry out validation tests
in the use of biodiesel blend starting with government
vehicles, to prepare the draft of a Memorandum Circular
requiring the use of biodiesel blends in government vehicles
starting at 1% CME up to a maximum of 5% over a period
of time and to draft a legislation or an Executive Order
stating the government policy in the use of biodiesel and
in the grant of incentives to biodiesel manufacturers.
NCDTF has the additional tasks of enlightening the public
on the benefits of using biodiesel, as well as convincing the
oil comapanies to use CME as an additive in petroleum diesel.

Offline rookie

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Re:BIODIESEL PRIMER
« Reply #4 on: January 29, 2003, 12:29:19 PM »
AS A DIESEL USER/DRIVER, WHAT BENEFITS WILL I
GET AGAINST THE EXTRA COST OF BIODIESEL BLENDED FUEL?
As one exposed day in and day out to the polluted
air in the streets, particulary in Metro Manila,
you will be less prone to sickness of the lungs,
cancer and ailments associated with smog and
polluted air. Everyone will also become more
comfortable as passengers/users/drivers of diesel
vehicles. You will also be able to avoid the hassles
of the periodic roadside tests carried out by
MMDA inspectors on smoke-belching vehicles. You
will also be able to pass the vehicle engine test
carried out by the LTO when you renew your vehicle
registration.


ARE ALL THE RAW MATERIALS NEEDED FOR THE PRODUCTION
OF CME AVAILABLE IN THE COUNTRY?
Coconut oil accounts for 87% and caustic sode accounts
for 1% of the raw materials used for CME. These are
available and produced domestically. The balance of
12% is methanol, which is a commodity readily availabe
in the world market from many producers. About 4% of
the 12% methanol can be removed and recycled in the
process of producing CME.


WHAT IS THE MAJOR BY-PRODUCT IN CME PRODUCTION AND
ITS USES?
About 9% of the output in a CME plant are crude glycerine.
When refined, about 42% is used in drugs and personal
care products including toothpaste, and skin and hair care
products; 18% in food and beverages; 13% in tobacco;
11% in urethanes; 6% in alkyd resins; and 10% in others
including cellophane, explosives, and miscellaneous
plasticizer, humectant and lubricants. It is expected
that with the increased production of biodiesel worldwide,
there will be increased supply of glycerine adversely
affecting its price. However, this could also induce more
research work to find other uses for glycerine.


WILL BIODIESEL BLENDED FUEL REQUIRE SPECIAL STORAGE?
CME readily blends and stays blended with petroleum diesel
so it can be stored and dispensed whereever petroleum
diesel is stored or sold.


IS THERE A SHELFLIFE LIMITATION IN BIODIESEL BLENDED FUEL?
Most fuel today is used up long before six (6) months.
Many petroleum companies do not recommend storing
petroleum diesel more than six months. Current
recommendation is to use biodiesel blends within six
months, or re-analyzed after six months to check for
continuing conformity with fuel standards.


IS THERE A QUANTITATIVE TEST AVAILABLE TO DETERMINE THE
AMOUNT OF CME IN A BIODIESEL BLENDED FUEL?
The Department of Energy (DOE) has the capability to
check the amount of CME blended into petroleum diesel fuel.
The DOE will also require accreditationof CME manufacturers
to assure production of CME in accordance with the
approved quality standard.

Offline rookie

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Re:BIODIESEL PRIMER
« Reply #5 on: January 29, 2003, 12:33:47 PM »
Wondering now who makes Diesel Flow?

And whether the RL Chemicals Inc. listed above sells the CME for the Flying V RL Diesel?

Is Flying V RL Diesel now biodiesel?

Offline the driver

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Re:BIODIESEL PRIMER
« Reply #6 on: January 29, 2003, 03:54:38 PM »

  Why don't we try DZL Flow.... For 700 pesos each we can evaluate and confirm the results ourselves..

  I am familiar with your post above... I've read that several times last year....

  Please contact that number and get 20 liters...we divide.... No guts no Glory....same as in offroading...
" Each day we either get better or worse.
                 The choice is OURS ! "

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